Examining subnetting is an excellent
first step if you want a more efficient computer network. Also, worldwide,
businesses are searching for professionals who can help them ease network
congestion. Please keep reading to learn more about subnets!

What are subnets?

One can think of a subnet as a smaller
network within a more extensive network. Also, network efficiency is improved
with the use of subnets. Similarly, subnetting reduces the number of routers a
packet needs to go through before arriving at its destination, saving time and

Furthermore, subnetting’s ultimate
purpose is to build a computer network that is quick, efficient, and secure. As
networks grow in size and complexity, the traffic moving across them will
require more direct pathways.

Similarly, bottlenecks and congestion
would occur if all network traffic crossed the system simultaneously via the
same route, leading to slow and wasteful backlogs.

Finally, the primary function of
creating subnets is to reduce the distance between the routers and enhance the
network’s speed, efficiency, and security.

How do Subnets work?

A network could contain tens of
thousands, even hundreds of thousands, of interconnected devices. Also, the
resulting IP addresses can provide a convoluted path for data to follow. Similarly,
with subnetting, only a small number of devices can share an IP address. And
subnetting allows a technician to divide a network into smaller segments, where
data can be organized and transmitted without requiring the usage of the more
advanced routers’ many connections.

Let’s take a look at some of the other
factors involved in subnets:

Network address

Network addresses are unique numbers
(addresses) used to identify a particular network. Routers use network
addresses to identify networks. The addresses of networks and any other
information necessary to access those networks can be found in the routing
table, which routers keep.

Moreover, a network address is a
fundamental part of networking technology since it allows for the location and
identification of a device on a network. The IP address, MAC address, and
hostname are a few of its many incarnations.

Finally, each computer in a network
uses an IP address to identify and contact other computers on the network


A gateway is a node in a network that
allows data to travel between networks using various protocols for transmitting
data. Likewise, network gateways are the most prevalent type and function at
layer 3 (network) of the open systems interconnection (OSI) model. A gateway,
however, may function at any of the OSI model’s seven layers, depending on the
functionality required.

Since all network traffic must pass
via the gateway, it also serves as the network’s entry and departure point. The
gateway in a LAN is bypassed only by data traveling between the nodes

Usable IPs

Determining how many public Internet
Protocol (IP) addresses (IPs) will be required to meet a company’s information
technology needs is crucial in commissioning an internet connection.

For example, asking your ISP for a
“/29” subnet will assign you 8 IP addresses, only 6 of which will be
useable. Because the first IP address is reserved for the network and the
second IP address is used for broadcasting (the last IP). Finally, the
remaining six IP addresses can be used for anything from the gateway router to
individual firewall rules, a few servers, and more.


Packets of data in IP networks can be
sent to all nodes in a local network using the broadcast address. Also, it is
not necessary to know the specific addresses of each participant in the
network. Finally, the broadcasting address can be determined analytically if


Without subnets, networking would be
in chaos. There would be no efficiency and the network’s slow response time.
Finally, if you wish to run your IT department more efficiently, the know-how
of subnets is vital. Thanks for the Read!